Wine (borrowed from the provincial Latin vino from lat. vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of grapes. These mostly come from the European grapevine Vitis vinifera, a type of vine that is not resistant to phylloxera, which is therefore mostly grafted onto resistant American rootstocks of the species Vitis riparia, Vitis labrusca, Vitis rupestris, Vitis berlandieri or the Asian Vitis amurensis. In contrast to other fruits, the natural ingredients of the grapevine berries enable alcoholic fermentation without the addition of sugar, acid, enzymes or other substances.
According to current knowledge, the wine aroma is formed from almost 1000 different components. While some of the flavor-forming substances are due to the growing area and the grape variety, other aromas are only formed by the berry processing, fermentation, expansion and storage of the finished wine. The history of the wine can be traced back almost 8000 years. The wonderful drink has always played an important role in everyday life and in religious cult.
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